A Journey Through Time: The Development of Garment Manufacturing in India

The garment is the basic necessity of every human being and India has been the oldest civilization in the world. It is making effort to perfect the garments for centuries. India not only produces for its own country but also exports to other countries in the world and various other handcrafted items for other parts of the world. So, let’s have a look at the garment industry in India and how it is evolving in the present scenario.

Garment Manufacturing
Garment Manufacturing in India

How has The Indian Garments Industry Evolved?

The organized garment industry was established in India after the Britishers came to India. India was manufacturing garments earlier too but it was not done on such a large scale as it is doing at present. Cotton was the primary fabric that India was producing before independence. There is also proof that India was exporting to other countries like Egypt and other western countries. As time passes, the Mughals came to India and helped to grow the garments industry many folds. In the middle age of the garment industry, India was exporting to other parts of the world, and silk and cotton garments were in high demand. In Great Britain, there was exceptional demand for Indian clothes. This is because 25% of the entire imports of East India Company were Indian garments and textiles. 

After the wake of the industrial revolution and the colonization of India by the British, They controlled the Indian textile business industry and massacred the artisans. It was an effort to force Indians to buy garments made by British manufacturers. To sprinkle the salt in the wounds, they set up factories, mills, and assembly lines in India to modernize the industry.

The Indian Textile Industry Is Growing Rapidly

The Indian garment industry has grown many folds and today, we have brands, exporters, and large-scale manufacturing units in different parts of India. Some factors are growing the Indian garment industry that you must know:

  • Improvements in fabric manufacturing from yarns
  • Easy availability of labor
  • The popularity of the fashion industry
  • Women empowerment through the textile business manufacturing companies
  • Increase in the demand for the fashionable clothes
Elite and regular manufacturing brands require different manufacturing units

Regular manufacturing units can produce high-volume clothes. The high-end manufacturers have limited production to one piece of cloth per day for maintaining the quality and quantity of the garments. The purchasing power of the common man has increased and they love to spend money on different garments as per different seasons. 

Indian Workers Are Easy To Work With

Indian laborers are easy to work with due to several reasons. The wages are low which is why fashion brands don’t have to spend much on manufacturing. Most of the clothes-making and weaving businesses are daily based. All generations have the same occupation. There are no language barriers as you do not have most of the laborers are from local areas and understand each other language easily and can communicate consistently without any disruption.

Goals Of The Indian Garment Industry For The Future

Adapting to the latest technology

The Indian garments industry aims to utilize technology and different tools it has made available to increase factory outputs. The increased output of the factories is used not only to meet domestic demands but also for exporting needs. Technology has increased production many folds and different clothing manufacturers are looking to create modern fabrics to meet the demand. 

Moving Toward Sustainable Infrastructure

Indian houses are filled with outdated clothes and non-recyclable clothes. This is why manufacturers have started producing eco-friendly and sustainable clothes for saving the environment. There is a lot of discussion going on about this and lots of global conferences and summits are taking place in the country to save the environment and reduce the harmful effect of global warming. Due to the increased awareness, people are also understanding the value of recyclable clothes for the future.  


The garments industry has evolved so much in India that is hard to believe. Earlier, handmade clothes were used in India and manufacturers had to pay lots of labor and additional costs but now due to technological advancement, hundreds of fabrics have been introduced with multiple colors, designs, and patterns. With increasing technical upgradation, we are improving day by day and are becoming independent in garment production and textile business.

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